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The Six Principles of Reformer Pilates

by Mark Seeto on Tuesday 25 May 2021

You might be surprised to learn that Pilates was originally named ‘Contrology’ by Joseph Pilates. The practice was first developed in the 1920s, when Joseph Pilates realised the need for it.

Influenced by his gymnast father, and his naturopath mother who believed in healing without medication, Joseph Pilates set out to create a non-invasive way to heal ailments. He studied many forms of exercise, even studying animals as a way of understanding movement. He believed in a strong correlation between mental and physical health.

The six principles of Pilates, which have developed over the years, have their roots in Joseph Pilates’ original holistic approach to mind and body health. They are essential to the practice.  

Contrary to what some believe, Pilates is not just a core class where whoever does the most repetitions wins. It is essential we incorporate all six principles and practice ‘quality over quantity’ to be truly practising Reformer Pilates as it was intended, and to ensure a holistic state of wellbeing.  

Regardless of whether you are practising Reformer Pilates – Beginner, Reformer Pilates – Intermediate, the principles outlined below are crucial in achieving the optimum and most well-rounded results.  

1. Mindfulness and Concentration

Just like Yoga, Pilates is designed to be practiced mindfully. Joseph Pilates believed that mind and body were perfectly interconnected and that you couldn’t achieve health and balance without one or the other. You must concentrate on smooth and controlled movements, focusing the mind on the areas each exercise is targeting.  

Mindlessness is performing 100 glute bridges without ever switching your glutes on. Without concentration, you might be enhancing poor biomechanics. Being mindful allows your brain to send the right message to the right muscle at the right time to perfect a movement.    

2. Control

Most of what you do on the gym floor or in the studio, no matter the exercise, requires control. Even outside the club, most movements in life require control in order to stay safe and avoid injury. So it’s no surprise to say that control is essential when practising all Reformer Pilates movements.  

Whether you are contracting or relaxing the muscle, lengthening or strengthening, control is necessary in all directions and for all types of muscle activation. Pilates will enable you to move with grace and efficiency and help you to take control of your own body.    

3. Centering

Reformer Pilates starts with a group of muscles sometimes called the ‘Powerhouse’; the abdomen, lower back, hips, inner thighs and glutes. This is where control and energy for movement originates and Pilates teaches you how to engage with this area so you can perform safe and effective movement.  

4. Flow

Fluidity during dynamic movement and also between exercises is an important tool in building strength, control and stamina. Pilates is not practiced in a rigid, stop-start fashion. Instead, the energy created in the Powerhouse is used to create graceful and efficient movement from the centre out toward the extremities, creating long and lean muscles and better range of movement.  

5. Precision

The sign of a great Pilates teacher is one would help you learn just one precise Reformer Pilates movement with grace and control, rather than ten with slightly poor form. Each movement, exercise, muscle and breath has a specific purpose and the class has been designed with intelligence to elicit a certain change or outcome. So precision is crucial in creating graceful and efficient everyday-movement in and out of class.  

6. Breathing  

Not only is it important in carrying oxygen to muscles but breathing correctly can create better core activation and control and also help in creating a sense of calm and relaxation. Joseph Pilates saw deep (full inhalation / full exhalation) breathing as a means to cleanse and invigorate the body.  

During Pilates we inhale during opening and lengthening, and exhale as we contract and come towards the Powerhouse. Keeping this as a focus during your practice will assist in accomplishing the five other principles of Pilates. Each exercise has a time to inhale and exhale, and it’s going to take some practice before it becomes second nature. But the importance of this principle is paramount, so it will help to make it your priority.  

Pilates is a wonderful and holistic practice. It’s been around for the good part of a century, proving its effectiveness, while continuing to evolved, developed and refined. Our Reformer Pilates classes are a great way to be guided through your workout and perfect your Pilates technique. If you are new to Reformer Pilates start with a Beginner’s class. For all the regulars, push yourself with a Reformer Intermediate class.

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